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State Government of Victoria, Australia
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Managing fuel consumption

Comparing vehicles

All new vehicles sold in Australia must display the fuel consumption label showing the number of litres of fuel the vehicle uses to travel 100km and the number of grams of carbon dioxide the vehicle emits for each kilometre travelled (in standard test conditions).

Tracking consumption

Tracking fuel consumption can assist in monitoring costs, vehicle performance, maintenance issues and driving patterns. To track fuel use, procedures can be set up for drivers to manually record the odometer reading and amount of fuel purchased each time the vehicle is refuelled.  Alternatively this information can be recorded electronically via systems offered by fuel card providers. The latter has the advantage of enabling calculations and reports to be completed automatically.

To calculate fuel consumption, record kilometres travelled and litres of petrol used over a period of time then use the following formula to calculate consumption:

Litres used x 100/distance travelled = litres per 100km

The following template can be used to track fuel consumption by vehicle model, registration and program:

Reducing consumption

Fuel consumption can be reduced by:

  • implementing vehicle selection policies based on whole of life costing and analysis of suitability for the organisation’s needs including fuel efficiency
  • maintaining vehicles, for example keeping engines tuned and tyre pressure at recommended levels
  • encouraging efficient driving practices, for example avoidance hard acceleration, braking, speeding and idling
  • using air conditioning only when needed
  • not carrying unnecessary weight
  • planning trips, for example avoiding peak driving times and combining trips.

Related links


Supported by the Community Sector Investment Fund (external link - opens in a new window).