The Australian Standard AS 2942 – 1994 Wheelchair Occupant Restraint Assemblies for Motor Vehicles specifies requirements for restraint systems for common wheelchair types and their occupants in vehicles. In Victoria, the installation of a wheelchair occupant restraint assembly must be approved by a Vehicle Assessment Signatory Scheme authority.
It is not advisable to use homemade solutions to restrain wheelchairs, equipment or seats in vehicles. While these solutions may be sufficiently secure in normal circumstances, there's a high chance that they won't remain secure in crash conditions.
Modifying a bus or van
Information on vehicle standards for buses and where to obtain modifications.
Loading a wheelchair into a vehicle
The Independent Living Centre of South Australia provides tips on selecting equipment for loading a wheelchair or scooter into a vehicle:
Using a wheelchair as a seat in a vehicle
Not all wheelchairs are suitable to be used as a seat in a vehicle and it is often safer for a wheelchair user to transfer to a vehicle seat. The Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centre on Wheelchair Transportation Safety at the University of Pittsburgh provides some Frequently Asked Questions related to travelling in a vehicle while seated in a wheelchair:
Modifying a bus or van: Tax and motor vehicle exemptions
Information about motor vehicle duty and tax exemptions for vehicles used to convey incapacitated persons.
Supported by the Community Sector Investment Fund (external link - opens in a new window).